SSC MTS Havaldar 2023 Exam: Major events in Indian history and their respective years.
✅ Arrival of Aryans in India: 1500 BCE
✅ Birth of Mahavir: 540 BCE
✅ Nirvana of Mahavir: 468 BCE
✅ Birth of Gautam Buddha: 563 BCE
✅ Mahaparinirvana of Gautam Buddha: 483 BCE
✅ Invasion of Alexander on India: 326-325 BCE
✅ Victory of Ashoka over Kalinga: 261 BCE
✅ Beginning of Vikram Samvat: 58 BCE
✅ Beginning of Shaka Samvat: 78 CE
✅ Beginning of Hijri Samvat: 622 CE
✅ Fahyan’s journey to India: 405-11 CE
✅ Reign of Harshavardhan: 606-647 CE
✅ Hieun Tsang’s journey to India: 630 CE
✅ Attack on the Somnath Temple: 1025 CE
✅ First Battle of Tarain: 1191 CE
✅ Second Battle of Tarain: 1192 CE
✅ Establishment of the Slave Dynasty: 1206 CE
✅ Arrival of Vasco da Gama in India: 1498 CE
✅ First Battle of Panipat: 1526 CE
✅ Second Battle of Panipat: 1556 CE
✅ Third Battle of Panipat: 1761 CE
✅ Coronation of Akbar: 1556 CE
✅ Battle of Haldighati: 1576 CE
✅ Establishment of the Din-e-Ilahi: 1582 CE
✅ Battle of Plassey: 1757 CE
✅ Battle of Buxar: 1764 CE
✅ Permanent Settlement in Bengal: 1793 CE
✅ First partition of Bengal: 1905 CE
✅ Formation of the Muslim League: 1906 CE
✅ Morley-Minto Reforms: 1909 CE
✅ First World War: 1914-18 CE
✅ Second World War: 1939-45 CE
✅ Non-cooperation Movement: … (the sentence is incomplete)
📚✍ Today’s Knowledge ✍📚
✅ Major Organizations of the World and their Headquarters
- Red Cross – Geneva
- INTERPOL – Paris (Lyon)
- Asian Development Bank (ADB) – Manila
- World Wildlife Fund (WWF) – Gland (Switzerland)
- NATO – Brussels
- International Court of Justice – The Hague
- UNICEF – New York
- SAARC – Kathmandu
- United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) – Nairobi
- GATT – Geneva
- World Trade Organization (WTO) – Geneva
- Organization of American States (OAS) – Washington D.C.
- Arab League – Cairo
- Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON) – Moscow
- World Council of Churches (WCC) – Geneva
- European Energy Commission (EEC) – Brussels
- Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) – Addis Ababa
- European Free Trade Association (ECTA) – Geneva
- United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) – Geneva
- International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) – Vienna
- Economic Commission for Western Asia (ECWA) – Baghdad
- United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) – Geneva
- Amnesty International – London
- International Olympic Committee (IOC) – Lausanne
- European Common Market (ECM) – Brussels
- Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) – Strasbourg
- Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) – Vienna
- Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) – Paris
- European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) – Brussels
- Commonwealth – London The Commonwealth is a political association of 54 member countries, nearly all of which are former territories of the British Empire. The Commonwealth operates by intergovernmental consensus and provides a platform for cooperation on a range of issues, including political, economic, and social development.
- European Economic Community (EEC) – Geneva The EEC, also known as the Common Market, was a regional organization that aimed to promote economic integration among its member states in Europe. It was created in 1957 by the Treaty of Rome and eventually evolved into the European Union.
- European Parliament – Luxembourg The European Parliament is the legislative branch of the European Union and represents the citizens of the EU member states. It has 705 members who are directly elected by the people every five years.
- European Space Research Organisation (ESRO) – Paris ESRO was an intergovernmental organization established in 1964 to coordinate space research and exploration activities among its member states in Europe. It was later merged with the European Launcher Development Organisation to form the European Space Agency.
- International Labour Organization (ILO) – Geneva The ILO is a specialized agency of the United Nations that promotes social justice and decent working conditions worldwide. It sets international labor standards, provides technical assistance and research, and engages in advocacy and policy development.
- Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) – Bangkok ESCAP is one of the five regional commissions of the United Nations and serves as the regional hub for economic and social development in Asia and the Pacific. It provides analysis, policy advice, and technical assistance to its 53 member countries.
- Organisation of African Unity (OAU) – Addis Ababa The OAU was an intergovernmental organization established in 1963 to promote cooperation among its member states in Africa and to address issues such as decolonization, human rights, and regional security. It was later replaced by the African Union in 2002.
- UNESCO – Paris UNESCO is a specialized agency of the United Nations that promotes international cooperation in education, science, culture, and communication. It aims to build peace through education, eradicate poverty through sustainable development, and promote intercultural dialogue.
- World Bank – Washington D.C. The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans, grants, and technical assistance to developing countries for the purpose of poverty reduction and economic development. It is composed of two institutions: the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the International Development Association.
- International Monetary Fund (IMF) – Washington D.C. The IMF is an international organization that promotes international monetary cooperation and exchange rate stability, facilitates the balanced growth of international trade, and provides resources to help member countries in need. It also conducts surveillance of global economic developments and provides policy advice to member countries.
- Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) – Rome The FAO is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger and improve nutrition and food security worldwide. It works with governments, civil society organizations, and the private sector to develop sustainable agricultural practices and improve access to food for all.
Top Natural Lakes in India: Visit These Beautiful Destinations for Boating, Fishing, and Bird Watching
India is home to some of the most beautiful natural lakes in the world. Here are some of the top lakes that you must visit:
- Dal Lake – Jammu and Kashmir
- Wular Lake – Jammu and Kashmir
- Barienag Lake – Jammu and Kashmir
- Mansar Lake – Jammu and Kashmir
- Nagin Lake – Jammu and Kashmir
- Sheshnag Lake – Jammu and Kashmir
- Anantnag Lake – Jammu and Kashmir
- Rajasamand Lake – Rajasthan
- Pichola Lake – Rajasthan
- Sambhar Lake – Rajasthan
- Jayasamand Lake – Rajasthan
- Fatehsagar Lake – Rajasthan
- Didwana Lake – Rajasthan
- Loonkaransar Lake – Rajasthan
- Sattal Lake – Uttarakhand
- Nainital Lake – Uttarakhand
- Rakasatal Lake – Uttarakhand
- Malatal Lake – Uttarakhand
- Devtal Lake – Uttarakhand
- Naukuchiatal Lake – Uttarakhand
- Khurpatal Lake – Uttarakhand
- Hussainsagar Lake – Andhra Pradesh
- Kolleru Lake – Andhra Pradesh
- Vembanad Lake – Kerala
- Ashtamudi Lake – Kerala
- Periyar Lake – Kerala
- Lonar Lake – Maharashtra
- Pulicat Lake – Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh
- Loktak Lake – Manipur
- Chilika Lake – Odisha
These natural wonders are not only picturesque but also offer a variety of activities like boating, fishing, and bird watching. Plan a visit to these lakes and experience the serenity and tranquility of nature.
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